Understanding Legislation

Before you get started, it’s important to understand how legislation works. Understanding the legislative process makes you a credible source and helps you comprehend ongoing changes in childcare policies.  It also helps you select the right lawmakers to contact and know when to contact them.  The information below will help you learn some of the basics. 
The United States Congress is made up of two chambers: the Senate and the House of Representatives.
  • Senate: There are 100 members total, two from each state who are elected every 6 years. To learn more about the Senate, click here.
  • House of Representatives: There are 435 members total. Members represent districts from each state, but the number of representatives is dependent on the state’s population. Representatives are elected every two years. To learn more about the House of Representatives, click here.
  • Committees: Each chamber is separated into committees that focus on specific legislative issues. To learn more about current legislative activities or search bills, visit Congress.gov.
The Kentucky General Assembly is also made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives.
  • Senate: There are 38 members, one for each Senate district.  Members serve 4 year terms and half the Senate is elected every 2 years.  The Senate holds President and Preisdent Pro-Tempore leadership positions, and also has a Floor Leader, Whip, and Caucus Chair representing each party.  To learn more about the Senate, click here.
  • House of Representatives: There are 100 members, one for each House district.  Members are elected every 2 years in November.  Leadership positions include a Speaker and Speaker Pro-Tempore.  The House also holds positions for a Leader, Whip, and Caucus Chair for each party.  To learn more about the House, click here.
  • Committees: Each committee is assigned to specific legislative issues.  For more on Kentucky legislative committees, click here.
Check out KET Online to watch live Kentucky General Assembly sessions.